The ancient Hebrew text, the Talmud, refers to creatures called the lilitu. The lilitu were a type of female night demon. These demons would torment women and children, but their true nature was highly sexualized and they would prey upon men in a sexual nature. These demons were thought to fly through the sky on wings and come from the south wind.
So what does that have to do with Adam and Eve and the Garden of Eden story? Well it is now believed that the lilitu were created because of Adam’s first wife. Yes, Eve was not the first wife of Adam. According to the Alphabet of Ben Sira, Adam’s first wife was named Lilith. If you thought that Eve was trouble you are going to be shocked by the antics of Lilith. This is no doubt why the great first Goddess was turned from original woman to sexual predator.
Most people know that much from the Jewish and Christian faiths were taken from earlier religious systems and the story of Lilith is another example of this. Lilith is believed to be one of the ancient Goddesses or a Priestess of an ancient Goddess culture. The Priestesses of Ishtar were known to be sacred prostitutes and the name Lilitu shows up in ancient texts relating Lilith to the Goddess Ishtar.
So, what it is that the Lilith did that made her so bad? There are actually several things. It seems that Lilith was created out of clay the same time as Adam was. Since they were created at the same time Lilith felt that they should be equals. One story goes on to say that she refused to lay beneath Adam. All of her protesting and demands did not put her in good favor with Adam, or the Great God for that matter.
It seems that Lilith was also connected to the arch-angel Samuel. Adam and his demanding ways were just too much for Lilith and she started to look elsewhere for love. The angel Samuel and Lilith were lovers, but their children were demons because their union was considered unholy. This is where the lilitu come into play. As punishment for this union, Lilith was cast out as a female demon of the night and poor Samuel was castrated.
God then created Eve from the rib of Adam, therefore changing the roles of men and women for the rest of history. It wasn’t until hundreds of years later when new-age Pagan worshippers started to come back into mainstream that Lilith was brought back into favor. The new-age movement loves the Goddess that refused to be treated as less than equal.